When starting out as a programmer, the question of which language to learn is always at the forefront. There are many different factors that go into making this decision such as what type of jobs you want to apply for and what tools you already know. C# and Python are two very popular programming languages with many merits, but they also have some key differences.
Python vs C# – a detailed comparison.
Python and C# are both object-oriented programming languages that have some key differences. One of the major differences is that Python is dynamic and C# is static. This means in a few ways. The first way is that it affects how variables are stored within the memory of the computer. In C#, a variable must first be declared before it can be used, but with Python, the interpreter determines what kind of variable you want to use after it encounters the usage. Another way this distinction affects programs is in regards to functions. Functions in Python can return any value when they are called, while with C#, a function must declare its type before calling it because every function returns just one value specified when the function was created.
The next difference is in whitespace.
Python lets you use any amount of whitespaces throughout your code, but C++ requires a language-defined number of spaces and the end of each line must be marked with a semicolon. The final major distinction between these languages are how they interpret expressions with different operands or types. In Python, it will always try to match the data type that is most specific from left to right, while in C+, if there isn’t an immediate conversion for one operand’s type into another operand’s type then it will convert as much data as needed until both sides can be converted without loss. For example when trying to add two integers together using integer addition and floating point addition, overflow may occur. In Python, it will overflow if the result of adding two integers together is too large for a floating point number to store (exceeds IEEE-754 double precision), but in C+, it will overflow only if both operands are strings and we try to add them together with integer addition operators.
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Similarities between languages:
Both Python and C++ are object oriented programming languages which means that they use objects as their fundamental unit of code organization. This makes them easier to learn because users can think about how things work using real life scenarios such as what would happen when you combine a dog and cat into one animal or when combining an apple pie with green beans into one meal instead needing memorization of precedence rules like those seen in algebra.